A computational system for ancient Greek Greek orthography, phonology, morphology, and epic hexameter

Scorecard of performance against paradigms in Smyth

The Kanōnes distribution includes a set of morphological stems and a set of inflectional rules covering the paradigms and synopses in Smyth’s Greek Grammar listed below. In sections linked below, all forms appearing in Smyth’s paradigms are tested with two exceptions:

  1. Kanōnes analyzes only single tokens: it does not analyze periphrastic forms. It is left to a higher-order analysis to recognize that combinations like a present subjunctive form of “to be” and a perfect participle in the nominative case can be treated as a compound perfect subjunctive verb form.
  2. The Kanōnes inflectional rules for Smyth paradigms do not include future perfect forms, since it is not clear that many of these forms are attested in corpora of texts classicists actually work with.

The links lead to more details about the testing of individual synopses and paradigms.

Total forms tested from Smyth paradigms

Currently tested Correctly analyzed Per cent
328 328 100%

Paradigms and synopses of -ω verbs

  • ¶382: synopsis of λύω (67 forms)
  • ¶383: λύω (complete paradigm)
  • ¶384: second aorist of λείπω (83 forms)
  • ¶385: contract verbs (complete paradigms)
  • ¶388: synopsis of τιμάω
  • ¶389: synopsis of θηράω
  • ¶390: synopsis of ποιέω
  • ¶391: synopsis of τελέω
  • ¶392: synopsis of δηλόω
  • ¶401: future of φαίνω
  • ¶402: aorist middle-passive and future passive of φαίνω
  • ¶406: euphony in perfect middle-passive: λείπω, γράφω, πείθω, πράττω (88 forms )
  • ¶407: euphony in perfect middle-passive: ἐλέγχω, ἀγγέλλω, φαίνω, τελέω


  • ¶305: present active of λύω
  • ¶306: aorist active of λύω, present active of ἵστημι
  • ¶307: present active of τίθημι, δίδωμι
  • ¶308: present active of δείκνυμι, second aorist active of φύω
  • ¶309: perfect active of λύω, οἶδα
  • ¶310: present active of τιμάω, ποιέω


  • ¶216: First-declension feminines (90 forms)
  • ¶222: First-declension masculines
  • ¶227: First-declension contracts
  • ¶231: Second-declensionnouns
  • ¶235: Second-declension contracts
  • ¶238: Attic declension
  • ¶254: Third-declension, stems in labial or palatal
  • ¶257: Third-declension, stems in a dental
  • ¶258: Third-declension, neuters with stems in t/at
  • ¶259: Third-declension, stems in liquid or nasal
  • ¶262: Third-declension, stems in er/r
  • ¶264: Third-declension, stems in sigma
  • ¶268: Third-declension, stems in i and u
  • ¶275: Third-declension, stems in eu, au, ou